Male fertility and sperm quality decline as a man ages, but in healthy males this is generally not a problem until about 60 years of age.9 Additional factors apart from age, however, may have negative effects on male fertility.
If you or your partner are having trouble getting pregnant, a fertility specialist or reproductive endocrinologist may perform a semen analysis to determine if sperm quality is affecting your ability to conceive.
Sperm count, concentration, volume, motility, forward progression or sperm shape may be among the causes for male infertility.10
Other reasons for infertility in men include:
- Scrotal varicocele11
- Retrograde ejaculation12
- Immune disorders
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
- Environmental factors
- Hormone imbalance
- Congenital absence of the vas deferens12
Fortunately, once diagnosed, many of the causes of male infertility may be addressed through fertility treatment options.
You and your partner can see a fertility specialist if you have questions or concerns about your fertility ― don't wait.
9. American Society for Reproductive Medicine (2012) Age and Fertility. Birmingham, Alabama. www.asrm.org
10. American Society for Reproductive Medicine (2008) Diagnostic Testing for Male Factor Infertility. Available at: http://www.reproductivefacts.org/Diagnostic_Testing_for_Male_Factor_Infertility/
11. American Society for Reproductive Medicine (2012) Infertility: An Overview. Birmingham, Alabama. www.asrm.org
12. Fode M, Krogh-Jespersen S, Brackett NL, et al. Male sexual dysfunction and infertility associated with neurological disorders. Asian J Androl. 2012;14(1):61-68.