Glossary Overview

Find out about some important fertility terms.

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Ectopic Pregnancy

Implantation of an embryo in a place other than the uterus.

Egg Retrieval

A procedure used to obtain eggs from ovarian follicles for use in in vitro fertilization (IVF). The procedure may be performed during laparoscopy or through the vagina by using a needle and ultrasound to locate the follicle in the ovary.

Ejaculate

As a noun, it refers to the mixture of sperm and seminal fluid that comes out of a man's penis during sexual stimulation. As a verb, it refers to the passing of this material.

Embryo

Term used to describe the early stages of fetal growth, from conception to the eighth week of pregnancy.

Embryo Transfer

Placing an egg fertilized outside the womb into a woman's uterus.

Endometrial Biopsy

The removal of a sample of the lining of the uterus for examination.

Endometriosis

A disease whereby cells lining the uterus (or endometrium) get outside of the uterus and stick to other organs, causing pain. This is one of the most common causes of infertility and is treatable.

Endometrium

The lining of the uterus.

Epididymis

The organ in a man where sperm are stored, nourished and mature after production.

Estradiol

The most potent naturally occurring estrogen in humans, which is released from the ovary.

Estrogen

Hormone that stimulates secondary female sexual characteristics and controls the course of the menstrual cycle. Also produced in low quantities in males.

Estrone

One of the relatively weak estrogens, which is produced in large amounts in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients.

A B C D E F G H I L M O P R S T U V