Ducts through which eggs travel to the uterus once released from the follicle, which is located in the ovarian follicle. Sperm normally meet the egg in the fallopian tube, the site at which fertilization usually occurs.
A physician specializing in the practice of fertility. The American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology certifies a subspecialty for OB-GYNs who receive extra training in reproductive endocrinology (the study of hormones) and infertility.
The combining of the genetic material carried by sperm and egg to create an embryo. Normally occurs inside the fallopian tube (in vivo) but may also occur in a Petri dish (in vitro). (See also In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).)
Benign (not malignant or life-threatening) tumor of fibrous tissue that can occur in the uterine wall. Fibroids may be totally without symptoms or may cause abnormal menstrual patterns and infertility.
The finger-like extensions on the fallopian tubes that sweep the egg into the fallopian tube.
A pituitary hormone that stimulates follicular development and spermatogenesis (sperm development). In a woman, FSH stimulates the growth of the ovarian follicle. In a man, FSH stimulates the Sertoli cells in the testicles and supports sperm production. Elevated FSH levels are associated with gonadal failure in both men and women.
Fluid-filled sacs in the ovary, which contain the eggs released at ovulation. Each month an egg develops inside the ovary in a follicle.